What is a Fungus gnat?
The Darkwinged Fungus gnat (aka: Fungus fly and Mushroom fly) is a fascinating insect classified in the Family Sciaridae. Derived from the Latin, “Sciaridae” meaning “shadowy” or “dark-colored.” Suitably reflecting the enigmatic nature of these flies that flourish in moist, organic-rich settings.
What do Fungus gnats look like?
Observed closely, the Darkwinged Fungus gnat presents with mosquito-like features. Adults range from 1/32” to 7/16” in size, with a color palette of black or brown. Compound eyes are touching and positioned just above the bases of 16 segmented antennae. Distinct ocelli present. Wings are smoky-colored, and each possesses 1 cross vein and 6 veins to the edge. Legs are long and slender.
With complete metamorphosis, there are 4 larval stages. Larvae possess a glossy, blackish head on a 12-segmented tubular white peristaltic body.
Do Fungus gnats bite?
Breathe a sigh of relief as Fungus gnats neither bite nor sting. Although, when indoor gnat flushes occur, the human annoyance factor is high.
Are Fungus gnats harmful?
The Fungus gnat diet primarily consists of fungi, decaying organic matter, and occasionally plant roots. Such feeding may harm houseplants.
As an indoor annoyance, free-ranging adult Fungus gnats are sometimes attracted to light fixtures, television and computer screens, and facial secretions. Additionally, dust-borne dead adult Fungus gnats may exacerbate allergies and asthma. Albeit low, there’s a potential risk of transporting pathogens from funky fungi to your succulent salad.
Where do Fungus gnats come from?
Fungus gnat thrive in and around environments abundant in moisture and rich organic material. Commonly found in and around fungal growths of greenhouses, mushroom farms, leaky flat roofs, dumpsters, rotting wood, animal excrement, bird droppings, and atrium potted plants.
How to get rid of Fungus gnats on house plants?
Fungus gnats in and around houseplants can be reduced or eliminated through proper cultivation or plant care. Maintain plant vitality through a few good practices.
- Watering: Understand the specific water needs of plant species. Overwatering is a common issue. To prevent water accumulation, ensure plant pots have drainage holes and capture trays.
- Light: Place plants within suitable light conditions according to needs.
- Soil: Use the correct soil type for each plant. Repot when necessary to provide fresh nutrients and prevent compaction.
- Temperature and humidity: Maintain a stable temperature and humidity level. Consider the natural habitat of the plant species.
- Fertilization: According to the plant’s growth phase. Being careful not to over-fertilize.
- Pruning and cleaning: Regularly prune dead or yellowing leaves. Clean dust-off leaves ensure proper growth and health.
- Pest control: Prevention is key, walk-by-monitor for evidence of pests. Address infestations promptly using appropriate methods.
- Proper pot: Ensure each plant is within the correct type and size pot.
- Spacing: Provide adequate space between plants to promote air circulation, which may prevent the spread of insect infestations and diseases.
How to kill Fungus gnats?
- Remove moist, decaying organic matter
- Repair structural leaks (especially in flat roofs)
- Keep dumpsters and trash receptacles clean
- Utilize numerous glue board UVA light traps
- For elusive Fungus gnat activity, portable glue board light traps can be used for temporary placement and capture of annoying gnats
- Use Electronic Fly Killers (EFKs) for fecund Fungus gnat situations, which provide quick gnat knock down and copious capture capacity
Small insects, wingspan 14-15mm. Black head, thorax and abdomen. Thorax has humped appearance.
Chameleon® sticky traps are a very effective step in controlling mushroom flies.
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